How many people sacrificed their lives in 2011 for democracy in Egypt! It is a big question over the world that how many were killed. Everyone knows one name “Tahrir Square”. It can be named as World Democracy Square where hundreds of democracy loving people sacrificed their lives to get free from dictatorship in the year 2011.
Different sources said that though comparatively less number of people who embraced martyr in the fight for democracy but it touched at least 846 and 6,000 people were also injured.
Democracy may be the only solution for salvation of a nation. The flows of bloods over the high ways of Tahrir Square reminisce the picture of fight for democracy over the world. It envisages that people can put their lives for free of thinking and free of speech.
They gathered there defying military bullet for security of democracy. It will be a lesson for all democracy loving people over the world for hundreds of years.
It was January 17, 2011. An young man set ablaze to his own body in front of parliament building protesting the misrule of President Hosne Mobarak. The flame speeded out its action over the country. On the next, thousands of people took the street in Cairo on January 27, 011. In its own sequence, the movement took a momentum on February 02, 2011 when hundreds of thousands people gathered at Tahrir Square where Military men opened fire showing irresponsibility and hundred were killed.
The movement took its high in the face of serial killing and Mr Mubarak step down after his 30 years of rule and handed over power to military on February 11, 2011.
The new military government committed to arrange a free and fair election within very short time. But they did not stay in their commitment. On November 18, 2011 people returned to the Tahrir Square and demanded election when the Egyptian military also opened fire over the people. But defying killer bullet people stayed until declaration of election date till November 25, 2011.
Parliamentary election is currently being held in Egypt to the People's Assembly from 28 November, 2011 - 11 January, 2012, following the revolution that ousted President Hosni Mubarak, following which the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces dissolved the parliament of Egypt.
Originally, the election was scheduled to be held in September 2011, but was postponed amid concerns the established parties would gain undue advantage.
In late 2010, a parliamentary election was held, though it was followed by controversy and repression as well as accusations of fraud.
Following similar events in Tunisia during the Arab Spring, Egyptian activists called for protesters to turn up in cities around Egypt on various specially-designated days of rages. Though violence was reported at some points, protests were largely peaceful with the army staying quiet until February 10, 2011, when calls for Husni Mubarak to resign were at their peak.
The following day, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced Mubarak's resignation from the presidency while turning power over to the military. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, headed by Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi would lead the country for a transitional period until a civilian government takes over.
A constitutional referendum was then approved on March 19, 2011 that would ease the process of electing a president.
The election to the People's Assembly will take place on the following dates:
First stage: 28–29 November, run-off on 5–6 December;
Second stage: 14–15 December, run-off on 21–22 December;
Third stage: 3–4 January, run-off on 10–11 January.
There are a total 508 seats in the Lower house: 498 seats are elected, and 10 seats appointed, in this case, by the Military Council, and usually by the President.
The Muslim Brotherhood announced on February 15, 2011 that it would form the Freedom and Justice Party to run in the election. Together with 27 other parties representing diverse political families, the Freedom and Justice Party formed the Democratic Alliance for Egypt.
After several defections and entries, the Freedom and Justice Party-dominated coalition settled on 11 parties. The FJP fielded the overwhelming majority of the candidates, and all the Democratic Alliance for Egypt joint candidates are running under the FJP label.
As a reaction to this centre-right alliance, the different liberal democratic and centrist parties intensified cooperation. Five parties drafted a joint statement criticising the current electoral law and proposing a new one.
On August 16 of 2011, 15 political and social movements, some of which defected from the Democratic Alliance for Egypt, announced the Egyptian Bloc electoral alliance. It consists of liberal, secularist, and centre-left political parties, as well as social organisations and labour unions, and also the traditional Islamic Sufi Liberation Party. Its main objective is to prevent an imminent electoral victory of the Muslim Brotherhood, respectively Freedom and Justice Party.
After suffering many defections, the remaining Egyptian Bloc parties are: the Free Egyptians Party, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party and the National Progressive Unionist Party (Tagammu).
Now, after voting of the two phases of election, Muslim Brotherhood, respectively Freedom and Justice Party recorded a landslide victory in 49% seats as they gained 3,565,092 out of total 9,734,513 votes and 73 seats out of 150 seats in the first turn over of voting and 48% seats in the 2nd turn over of voting as they gained 4,058,498 out of total 11,173,818 votes and 71 seats out of 148 seats.
Salafi Islamist under the political party of Al-Nour placed them selves in the second position of the voting race. They won 20% seats as they gained 2,371,713 out of total 9,734,513 votes and 30 seats out of 150 seats in the first turn over of voting and much better bagging 28% seats in the 2nd turn over of voting as they gained 3,216,430 out of total 11,173,818 votes and 41 seats out of 148 seats.
When all other parties could gain only 31% seats in 1st phase and 24% seats in 2nd phase of the election.
The final phase of the election to be held during January first week and result to be published in the 2nd week of the January 2012.
Now, we have to wait to see whether democracy is recovered through supreme sacrifice of Egyptians or another dictator has been waiting to grab peoples’ power.