Nov 16, 2010

US Presidents: Delighted Leadership plays vital role

Everyone will agree with this comment of time that the United States of America (USA) has been ruling the world unilaterally without facing any bar on implementation of his decision. Here, the decision of American Senate and Congress is a must to be realized in any place of the world. However this uni-power circle can be harmful for all of the world including American people also. 

So, balance in US decision will ensure stability and balance over the world, it is believed by the conscious people no doubt. Chiefly, the decision making depends on empowered political party's commitment of US. Extremism is hatred for all. The theme mainly works as mandate achieving factor in all democratic decisions in all time in America. True picture of election is not altered there.

On this very reality of world politics American Presidents and their policies are very important to the effect of the whole world and it is interesting to be informed about the world ruler for the people thinking for a safe, valuable and sustainable world.

The list of American Presidents includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

There have been forty-three people sworn into office and forty-four presidencies, due to the fact that Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the twenty-second and the twenty-fourth president. 

Of the 43 elected presidents of US, four died in office of natural causes include William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Warren G. Harding and Franklin D. Roosevelt. 

One of the presidents resigned he is Richard Nixon and four were assassinated whose name are Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley and John F. Kennedy. 

The first president was George Washington, who was inaugurated in 1789 after a unanimous Electoral College vote. 

William Henry Harrison spent the shortest time in office at 31 days in 1841. At over twelve years, Franklin D. Roosevelt spent the longest time in office and is the only president to serve more than two terms and died shortly into his fourth term in 1945. 

The current president is Barack Obama who assumed the office on January 20, 2009. He is the first president of African American descent. He is also the first president born outside the Contiguous United States, having been born in Hawaii.

Under the U.S. Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and the head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. 

The president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. armed forces. The president is indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). 

Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected to the office of the president more than twice. Upon death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent president, the Vice President assumes the office.

George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the dominant military and political leader of the new United States of America from 1775 to 1797. He was president for the period of April 30, 1789 to March 4, 1797.

John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman, diplomat and political theorist. A leading champion of independence in 1776, he was the second President of the United States during March 4, 1797–March 4,1801.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States  during March 4, 1801– March 4, 1809. He is the principal author of the Declaration of Independence in 1776.

James Madison, Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American politician and political philosopher who served as the fourth President of the United States during the period of March 4, 1809 to March 4, 1817. He is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was the fifth President of the United States who served  two terms from March 4,1817 to March 4, 1825.

John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was the sixth President of the United States from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829. He was also an American diplomat and served in both the Senate and House of Representatives. 

Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. He was the military governor of pre-admission Florida in 1821 and the commander of the American forces at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815.

Martin Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862) was the eighth President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1837 to March 4, 1841. Before his presidency, he was the eighth Vice President (1833–1837) and the 10th Secretary of State under Andrew Jackson (1829–1831).

William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was the ninth President of the United States, an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office. The oldest president elected until Ronald Reagan in 1980, and last President to be born before the United States Declaration of Independence. He served the USA from March 4, 1841 to April 4, 1841.

John Tyler, Jr. (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862) was the tenth President of the United States from April 4, 1841 to March 4, 1845. He is the first to succeed to the office following the death of a predecessor.

James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was the 11th President of the United States from March 4, 1845 to March 4,1849.
Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) was the 12th President of the United States and an American military leader. Initially uninterested in politics, Taylor nonetheless ran as a Whig in the 1848 presidential election, defeating Lewis Cass and becoming the first President never to have held any previous elected office. He served from March 4, 1849 to July 9, 1850.

Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874) was the 13th President of the United States, serving from July 9, 1850 until March 4, 1853, and the last member of the Whig Party to hold that office. He became the second Vice President to assume the presidency after the death of a sitting president when he succeeded Zachary Taylor, who died of acute gastroenteritis.

Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869), an American politician and lawyer, was the 14th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1853 to March 4, 1857. To date, he is the only President from New Hampshire.

James Buchanan, Jr. (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th President of the United States from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1861. He is the last to be born in the 18th century. To date he is the only president from the state of Pennsylvania and the only life long bachelor.

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) served as the 16th President of the United States from March 4, 1861 until his assassination in April 15, 1865. He successfully led the country through its greatest internal crises, the American Civil War, preserved the Union, and ended slavery. Reared in a poor family on the western frontier, he was mostly self-educated. He became a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and a one-term member of the United States House of Representatives.

Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States from April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869. Following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Johnson presided over the Reconstruction era of the United States in the four years after the American Civil War.

Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States from March 4, 1869 to March 4, 1877 as well as military commander during the Civil War and post-war Reconstruction periods. Under Grant's command, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and ended the Confederate States of America.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) was the 19th President of the United States from March 4, 1877 to March 4, 1881. He also served as the Governor of Ohio twice, from 1868–1872 and 1876–1877.

James Abram Garfield
(November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881 until his death on September 19, 1881, a brief 200 days in office. He had the second shortest presidential tenure after William Henry Harrison. He was also the only incumbent of the U.S. House of Representatives to be elected President.

Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was an American politician who served as the 21st President of the United States. Arthur was a member of the Republican Party and worked as a lawyer before becoming the 20th Vice President under James Garfield. While Garfield was mortally wounded by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881, he did not die until September 19 of that year, at which time Arthur was sworn in as president, serving until March 4, 1885.

Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States. Cleveland is the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1889 and March 4, 1893 to March 4,1897 and therefore is the only individual to be counted twice in the numbering of the presidents.

Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was the 23rd President of the United States, serving one term from  March 4, 1889 to March 4, 1893.

William McKinley, Jr. (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, and the last veteran of the American Civil War to be elected to that office. He served from March 4, 1897 to September 14, 1901.

 Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was the 26th President of the United States. He is noted for his energetic personality, range of interests and achievements, leadership of the Progressive Movement, and his "cowboy" image and robust masculinity. He was a leader of the Republican Party and founder of the short-lived Progressive ("Bull Moose") Party of 1912. Before becoming President during September 14,1901 March 4,1909 he held offices at the municipal, state, and federal level of government. Roosevelt's achievements as a naturalist, explorer, hunter, author, and soldier are as much a part of his fame as any office he held as a politician.

William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States and later the 10th Chief Justice of the United States. He is the only person to have served in both offices. He served from March 4, 1909 to March 4, 1913 as the US President.

Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States. A leader of the Progressive Movement, he served as President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910, and then as the Governor of New Jersey from 1911 to 1913. He is the only U.S. President to hold a Ph.D. degree, which he obtained from Johns Hopkins University. He served from
March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1921 as the US President.

Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was the 29th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1921 until his death from a heart attack in August 1923. A Republican from Ohio, Harding was an influential newspaper publisher.

John Calvin Coolidge, Jr., (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929). A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state.
He served from August 2, 1923 to March 4, 1929 as the US President.

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